Tagging Categories at a Glance





Drop-down box lists


Landscape / Geography

Hills & Mountains

Arete; Boulders; Escarpment; Cave; Cliff; Glacier; Gorge; Hill; Mountain; Rocky outcrop; Scree; Snow; Valley; Volcano


Rivers, lakes & coast

Beach; Coast; Cove / Bay; Estuary; Fjord; Inlet; Island; Lake; River; Sea; Stream


Moors & deserts

Arctic / Antarctic; Bog; Desert (rocky); Desert (sandy); Dune; Fen; Heath; Marsh; Moor, Tundra


Forest / Jungle

Clearing; Forest; Jungle; Plantation; Mangrove; Woodland


Rural / Farmland

Arable; Crops; Field; Farmed land; Grassland; Meadow; Pasture; Rural; Savannah



Urban; Semi-urban; Scattered settlement; Garden; Park; Village



Faults; Folding; Granite; igneous; Limestone; Marble; Metamorphic; Sandstone; Sedimentary; Stratigraphy; Volcanic rock



Landscape Change and Management


Beach erosion; Cliff erosion; Erosion (unknown source); Exposed tree roots; Ice erosion; Landslide; Soil erosion; Water erosion; Wind erosion


Natural Disaster

Earthquake activity / damage; Fault scarp; Fire; Flooding; Ice or snow damage; Wind damage

    Man-made disasters & Other Dynamics Deforestation; Dunes; Bomb damage; Dead or sick looking trees; Sediment accumulation; Warfare
    Land Management -Walls, Dams etc Aqueduct; Dam; Ditch; Drain; Dyke; Fence; Garden; Gate; Gutter; Hedge; Sea defences; Terrace; Wall/s


Plants & Animals

Forest / Woodland

Coppice; Copse; Isolated tree; Forest; Orchard; Managed woodland; Sapling; Woodland; Woodland etc 


Plants, flowers & shrubs

Flower; Garden; Hedge; Lichen; Moss; Park; Plant; Reeds; Shrub etc


Animals & Birds

Animal (Domestic); Animal (Farm); Animal (Wild); Bird; Camel; Cat; Chicken; Cow; Deer; Dog etc



Transport & Travel infrastructure


Airplane; Barge; Bicycle; Boat; Bus; Car; Carriage; Cart; Ferry; Horse / Donkey; Ship; Tank; Train etc


Road, Rail etc

Bridge; Canal; Crossing; Gangway; Ford; Junction; Path; Port /Quay; Railway; Road; Signpost etc



Buildings & Archaeology

Archaeology & Ancient Monuments

Amphitheatre; Aqueduct; Arch (Monumental); Castle; Cemetery / Tomb; Church; City Wall etc 



Barn; Barracks; Building (Large); Building (Small); Building (Domestic); Building (Official); Church etc


Architectural features

Arch; Column; Decorative detail; Graffiti; Inscription etc



Altar; Arch; Bench; Column; Chancel; Decoration; Hangings; Lamps; Plinth etc


Street furniture

Bench; Billboard; Clock; Cobbles; Flag; Flagstones; Pavement; Lamp; Shop sign; Street; Telegraph pole etc


Period / date

Ancient Greek; Bronze Age; Byzantine; Colonial; Early Medieval; Harappan; Iron Age; Mughal; Mycenean; New Kingdom; Prehistoric; Roman; Sassanid; Sumerian; Victorian



People & Objects


Baby; Child / Children; Crowds; Family; Man / men; People; Tourist; Woman / women etc 



Animal husbandry; Celebration / Festival; Charcoal making; Eating / drinking; Education / school etc


Tools & Equipment

Barrel/s; Basket/s; Book; Camera; Crane; Gun; Hammer; Loom; Plough; Pottery; Pram; Saw etc



Bag; Boater; Bustle; Costume (Regional); Hat; Helmet; Jewellery; Umbrella; Walking stick etc

More about the tagging categories

Our aim is to help researchers find what they are looking for as quickly as possible when they search this collection of thousands of images.

Some of our images have labels on them to help us identify what is in the picture (insert fig. 1 here). Where we have information (metadata) about the image we have included it, and you will see it below the picture (‘caption’). What we would like you to do is help us fill in additional information about the picture – but you are welcome to draw on information in the caption.

We expect the images to support two main areas of research. The first is research carried out by scientists interested in the physical environment: geographers, archaeologists, environmentalists, and people involved in heritage management. These scientists will particularly focus on landscape, environment, and the built environment.

The second field of research is people: Victorian society and technology. Historians, anthropologists and others working in social sciences, politics and economics will be interested in people, built environment, technology, activities and animals.

We have designed different types of tag depending on the tagging category.

We would like you to choose from the drop down box, tag your image and add information if you know more.

The possible range of tags for the images is huge. We have suggested some of the most common categories, but we cannot include every possible keyword in our drop down lists. Use the drop-down lists as a guide to the type of keyword to enter here, and feel free to use the ‘other’ box.

In the ‘other’ box, if you want to enter more than one keyword, please separate each keyword with a comma. There is a limit of 30 letters in the ‘other’ box.

Each image will be tagged by at least three different other volunteers, so don’t worry if you think you might have missed something or if you are not sure if you have correctly identified something. We will keep all the tags – after all, you may be the only person looking at the picture who has spotted some important or interesting detail. This is why we would like you to mark where on the picture you have seen the item to tag.

Don't worry if you think you might have put a keyword in the wrong category. The categories are there for guidance, to help you work through the different groups of information in the images, but all the keywords you enter will be sorted electronically and will be useful, whichever category you put them in.

In the keyword lists above, we have provided links for some of the keywords to give more information. If you are not sure what an 'arete' looks like, for example, click on the word in the list! Let us know if you found these links useful or informative.

Futher information on the groups of categories



Here, we are looking at the broad setting of the picture. Is the landscape mountainous, or by the sea? Is it a desert or a forest? Is it urban or rural? If you can see enough of the landscape to describe it, choose the category that fits best, then click somewhere on the image where you can see that landscape. You will see a drop-down box with suggested keywords. Do any of these keywords fit your landscape? Do you know more? Let us know.

Landscape change and management

It is very helpful for environmentalists and geographers to know about landscape change. Can you see any clues in the image that suggests any of these changes? We are also interested in evidence for how the landscape is being managed and controlled. Today, scientists are interested in understanding the long-term effects of land management - controlling rivers, for example, or terracing hillsides. Old photographs offer vital information.

Plants and animals

Here, we particularly want to know what kind of vegetation, both natural and cultivated, you can see in the picture – trees, hedges, fields, etc.

Knowing about animal presence and activity in the images is also important for the way land is used and maintained. We appreciate any information you can give us about the plants and animals in the picture, even if you are not able to identify the species!

Travel and travel infrastructure

Here, we want to know about the modes of transport and the transport infrastructure, including street furniture, in the picture. Knowing about how people moved about the landscape and about access to different environments is incredibly useful to a wide range of researchers, from historians to environmentalists.

Buildings and Archaeology

Here, we want to be able to identify buildings and monuments. Some images may have no buildings at all, others may be very full. Some images will only show details of buildings.

You may not know much about the building you are looking at. Don’t worry, just tag that there is a building in the picture. If you know more about the building – including its style, function or date, let us know more.

The images show a huge range of man-made structures from many chronological periods and societies. We cannot provide a keyword for every single man-made feature, so please try to find the word that most closely fits what you see and make use of the ‘do you know more’? button and the ‘other’ category. Some structures may need more than one tag.

If you can see any outstanding architectural features that you want to flag up, please use the ‘architectural features’ box for that category.

A few of our pictures show interiors, rather than exteriors. If you are looking at one of these images, you will not have had much to tag up to now - but this section is for you! Please tag as much as you are able.

Finally, if you know what period the building or monuments belong to, please tag it.

People and objects

Here we would like to know about who is in the picture and what they are doing. We expect a wide range of answers to these questions, so please use the free text box.

Send us a comment

If you have any queries, comments or additional information about the image or about our website, please do send us a comment - we enjoy hearing from you and value your comments.